What is Investment Banking?

Unlike a conventional bank, an investment bank handles risky and bigger projects. Proprietary trading is one of the things investment banking helps with. This involves buying stocks and other financial instruments on behalf of customers in a bid to make profit. An investment bank also launches new products and offers insurance for bonds. Due to the risk potential of the activities carried out by an investment bank, it has not been possible to merge conventional banks with investment banks.


Sales and trading

The primary function of investment bank is to sell and buy financial products on behalf of its clients. Clients buy financial products in order to make money in every trade. Therefore, investment banks have a sales force, whose objective is to contact institutions and investors to inform them about trading ideas and accept orders issued by other traders. The team also discusses pricing and calculates potential earnings from a sale or buy. These are strategists, who are also tasked with offering advice to external observers who are willing to venture into a market.


Risk management

This involves preparing analyses of the market regarding the credit risk to clients into their balance after certain transactions. The risk is focused on market activity such as bond issuance, loan syndication and restructuring. Investment banking professionals like Martin Lustgarten who work on risk management conduct a review of trading activities and sales using the VaR model to come up with hedge-fund solutions.


About Martin Lustgarten

Martin Lustgarten is a renowned business professional, who works as a professional financial analyst and investment banking assistant to various companies and individuals. Martin offers advice regarding securities and helps investors to understand when to sell or buy securities. He is a key expert in the stock markets as he holds exceptional skills that are useful in providing analyses and predictions useful to traders.

He is an investment expert in every field, so anyone looking to run a profitable business should seek his counsel before entering the market. He keeps a diverse portfolio that highlights his successes and contributions in the achievements of major companies and businesses.

Laidlaw & Company And Its Negative Reputation


Laidlaw and Company is a well known investment bank with both Mr. Matthew Eitner and Mr. James Ahern as top executives. This company has developed a reputation of flouting regulatory orders and non-compliance with regulatory laws.

Not only that, it is also known for receiving a high number of customers’ complaints to which it pays a whole lot of compensations. Considering the number of cases against this firm and the total amount of money it had paid to customers, how it is still in business is a big mystery.

Relmada Therapeutics Files Amended Complaint Against Laidlaw and Its Principals, Matthew Eitner and James Ahern
Managers of Laidlaw and Company do not seem to learn from their mistakes. With what I know about this company, I will never transact any business with it, not even in the next five years. For instance, Remalda Therapeutics Inc, recently announced that it has filed an amendment in its lawsuit against Laidlaw and Company.

The amendment is an additional claim for breach of fiduciary duties on the part of Laidlaw and Company for disclosing certain confidential information. Even though I am yet to see Laidlaw’s response to the lawsuit, I am certain that judgment will go in the favor of Remalda Therapeutics as Laidlaw is almost always guilty of what it is accused of.

Not only that, Remalda is also seeking monetary damages which arose from the cost it incurred while trying to correct the wrong information dished out by Laidlaw. When you are cunning and dubious, it shows in the way you run your business. That is why there are so many discrepancies in the biography of Mr. James Ahern, one of the principals of Laidlaw and co.

In my opinion, it is obvious that Laidlaw has proved that it lacks integrity and it puts the company’s interest way ahead of that of its customers and clients damning all the likely consequences. May be regulatory bodies should establish more stringent penalties for erring companies like Laidlaw and company

Madison Street Capital: Specializing In Mergers And Acquisitions

In a recent announcement by Madison Street Capital, the firm stated that they had managed to either close or announce 42 hedge fund deals during the 2015 year. This was a big step up from the previous year, 2014 saw 32 hedge fund deals. According to Madison Street Capital, the momentum that is being built will mean an even bigger year in 2016. Several news sources covered this announcement and the report that came with it.

HedgeWeek was one of the sources that covered the report. The summary included a quote from the Senior Managing Director of Madison Street Capital. He states that the hedge fund industry, which is fragmented at the moment, will slowly become more consolidated and many more partnerships will be built that bring together product offering and distribution. He stated that alternative deal mechanisms are being developed that fit both the buyer and seller better. There are still traditional mergers and acquisitions, but there are also more PE stakes, seed or incubator deals, PE bolt-ons and revenue-share stakes.

Pr.com provided a similar summary of the firm’s report. The summary also stated that even though there was disappointing performance in the hedge fund industry, the assets in the hedge fund industry are higher than ever. The summary states that the reason for the poor performance is the strategies that were used.

Founded in 2005, Madison Street Capital is a very successful investment banking firm that mainly specializes in the middle market. They also specialize in personalizing a plan for each individual client and their unique situation. The firm has offices in North America, Asia and Africa and they are a global leader in mergers and acquisitions. They also have proven valuation services and advising for corporate governance and independence issues globally.

The firm provides a wide ranged of services, which include connection to a network of financial sponsors that lend to both domestic and international middle market opportunities. The firm’s network includes hedge funds, specialty finance companies, global and domestic commercial banks and more. In addition, the firm concentrates on capital raising projects. They will act as arrangers of equity for capital requirements, arrangers for mezzanine or senior debt and as financial advisors.

Madison Street Capital’s clients include companies and individuals both in the United States and internationally. They are from a variety of sectors including aviation, retail, business services, renewable energy, construction, real estate, consumer goods and services, media, financial services, manufacturing, food and beverage, textiles, healthcare, agribusiness, information technology, water, wholesale and retail trade, transportation, telecommunications, sanitation, irrigation and drainage and education. The firm individualizes their services to best help every client and their needs.

You can like them on Facebook.

Madison Street Capital’s Forecast for the 2016 Hedge Fund M&A

Madison Street Capital, a leading international firm in financial investments recently released its report on the hedge fund industry. The 4th edition report details merger and acquisitions (M&A) that occurred last year and the opportunities available. It also shows the Madison Street Capital overview of the hedge fund industry.

In 2015, it reports that a total of 42 hedge fund deals were completed as opposed to 32 in the previous year. Transaction volume for 2015 was up by 27% compared to 2014, this was mainly due to the rise in transactions closed in the last quarter of the year. This indicates that 2016 will have a record number of transactions in the M&A arena.

Although there was a dismal performance for most hedge funds for 2015, industry assets are at a current record high. Investors are gradually increasing allocations to alternate sectors to hedge against the liabilities of current non-performing hedge funds. For hedge fund managers with smaller portfolios, there is a struggle to acquire extra capital. This causes operation costs to skyrocket as pressure increases from investors for them to lower their fees. This has hedge fund managers seeking for alternative investments.

Karl D’Cunha, Senior Managing Director at Madison Street Capital LLC said that the hedge fund industry was very fragmented and consolidation will continue to occur. He said that hedge fund managers will continue seeking partnerships to bring products closer to the people. He noted that the industry will build on the strong 2015 it had to have an even better 2016. To cater for both buyers and sellers, an assortment of mechanisms was being used. He added that not only are the usual M&A structures being carried out, but also others such as PE stakes, revenue-share stakes, and seed deals.

About Madison Street Capital

Madison Street Capital was established in 2005 and is a market investment banking firm. It caters to the middle market businesses providing a variety of solutions. These services include business advisory, valuation, financial restructuring, merger and acquisition advisory services. The services help clients know the true value of their companies, this in turn assists in recognizing the available and future threats and opportunities.

With operations in Africa, Asia, and North America their global nature has helped them become leaders in the financial services market. They assist businesses acquire lending and use their experience to build an exit plan, with expertise in domestic and international corporate governance.

You can like them on Facebook.

About US Money Reserve

Most people do not realize that the the vast majority of currency worldwide is what is known as “fiat” currency. This means that instead of being backed by precious metals or other tangible goods it is backed simply by what a government decides. This allows the government to control the money supply and to value or devalue your hard earned cash at will. During the major economic crisis of 2008 this dramatically affected millions of people worldwide.

Investments plummeted and many people lost their homes and savings due to the actions of large governmental institutions and big banks. The only people to come out of that devastating crisis were high level government officials and bankers. Except of course individual investors who were smart enough to invest in precious metals like silver and gold.

Prior to the revoking of the gold standard all United States currency could be exchanged for it’s value in gold. After President Nixon removed the United States from the gold standard our money basically went into the hands of the government. Luckily smart investors still have the ability to invest in gold and other precious metals.

US Money Reserve is one of the premier dealers and buyers of precious metals. Since time immemorial gold has been valued due to it’s scarcity and use in things like manufacturing and jewelry. It is a great hedge against the market because typically when markets go down gold goes up. If you have a store of gold it cannot simply disappear like stocks, bonds or other securities.

Purchasing gold from a reputable dealer is also very important. US Reserve has built a stellar reputation in the gold community by their honest dealings and long term relationships with their clients. They offer close to spot prices that help to maximize your investment growth. Many people simply like to hold their savings in their hand and know that they are out of the control of the central government. Gold and other precious metals have skyrocketed in value over the past years and the fact that it is so scarce means that this trend will most likely continue.

When choosing where to purchase and hold gold you must do your due diligence just like any other investment. US Money Reserve is a well respected and trusted company who have happily served thousands of customers. If you are in the market to invest in gold or other precious metals they are a fantastic choice.

Investment Advice on Stocks

Investment is a completely different world to many people. The common approach to making money is to work a regular job and put money away in the bank. Unfortunately, in many cases, people can only save so much if they can even save at all. Fortunately, this leads people to look into different types of investing. They have most likely learned that this is where the real money comes in. However, it takes a lot of learning in order to become profitable in the stock market. Fortunately, there are many people and companies that will offer advice on making the right investments.

Among the places that will help people make investments in stocks is Madison Street Capital. Since it is an investment firm, they have a lot of experience and information as to what type of investments are wise for the person to make. In this case, people will have an easier time knowing what type of stocks will profit them in the long run. They will provide investors information on the company that they are looking at investing into. They will also present the investor with different options as to what to do with the stocks that he has invested in.

The stock market is filled with plenty of companies that have different features for its own stocks. One can buy a stock from a company and even get yearly dividends. In this case, they will earn some extra money with what they invested. If the stock turns out to be a profitable investment, then they will not only gain the extra money, but also the dividend that was paid to them by the company for holding the stock. This shows more options for earning money from the stocks that one pays for.

The stock market is one good way to earn money. At the same time, it is one method in a larger world of putting money to work. There are tons of other markets that one can make investments in that will earn him plenty of money in due time. All that is needed is for the investor to educate himself on the type of markets available and the assets that he could buy which would profit him the most. When he sees the type of assets that he is most confident about, then he should go ahead and make the investment when he confident that is going to be profitable.

Sultan Alhokair Offers Advice to New Entrepreneurs

The Fascinating Field of Business and Investment

All his life, Sultan Alhokair has demonstrated a keen interest in financial issues and commercial activity. He enrolled in Northwestern University to study Financial Accounting, Small Business Management and Family Business Management in 2009. Later, in January, 2014, he accepted a position as a Project Manager with Retail Group of America. In this capacity, he offers retail services to several fashion companies and helps advise business managers on issues such as branding and marketing.

His practical day to day experience in the fast-paced world of retail sales helped inspire his interest in investment and capital markets further. Mr. Alhokair as a Project Manager indicates that he constantly seeks new opportunities for effective retail product sales.

Based in Boston, Massachusetts, he also works as a partner in Valia Investments. The firm operates in the exciting field of angel investments. It searches for promising new startup ventures, companies that might benefit from its financial support and business guidance.

Advice For Business Entrepreneurs

As one of the partners in Valia Investments, Mr. Alhokair maintains the responsibility of helping to evaluate business startups as possible candidates for investment. He indicated recently that he pays close attention to two factors in particular: profitability and sustainability.

What advice does Mr. Alhokair offer to new entrepreneurs who hope someday to lead flourishing business concerns? He recently wrote an article detailing five key issues that impact business success in the startup realm:

First, he urges anyone thinking about going into business to think realistically about a venture’s long term prospects and survival. Second, he recommends the preparation of a five year business plan which combines both careful research and a projection of the company’s situation into the near future. “Both are incredibly important for ensuring that you have a clear cut model of a company’s success outlook” he observes. Third, Sultan Alhokair recommends that enthusiastic entrepreneurs take the time to examine their new company’s marketplace, placing especial emphasis upon competition. He believes that every firm does at some point face competition. By becoming better aware of the activity of enterprises already engaged in the marketplace, and new products that may eventually pose competition, a business owner enhances the chances that a startup will succeed. Fourth, he urges entrepreneurs to strive for a unique role in the marketplace. Fifth, the company should express itself in a way that remains difficult to duplicate.